One of the most consistent findings in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research is a higher rate of ASD diagnosis in males than females. Despite this, remarkably little research has focused on the reasons for this disparity. Better understanding of this sex difference could lead to major advancements in the prevention or treatment of ASD in both males and females. In October of 2014, Autism Speaks and the Autism Science Foundation co-organized a meeting that brought together almost 60 clinicians, researchers, parents, and self-identified autistic individuals. Discussion at the meeting is summarized in this article with recommendations on directions of future research endeavors.
Halladay, Alycia K., Bishop, Somer, Constantino, John N., Daniels, Amy M., Koenig, Kathleen, Palmer, Kate, Messinger, Daniel, Pelphrey, Kevin, Sanders, Stephan J., Singer, Alison Teper, Taylor, Julie Lounds, and Szatmari, Peter. Sex and gender differences in autism spectrum disorder: summarizing evidence gaps and identifying emerging areas of priority. Molecular Autism, DOI:10.1186/s13229-015-0019-y (available online at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13229-015-0019-y/fulltext.html)