The authors report that most, if not all, adults who stutter experience anticipation, and the majority of adults who stutter report doing so at least often. Adults who stutter respond to this anticipation by altering the speech production process in various ways. Results highlight the importance of the role that anticipation plays in how stuttering behaviors manifest themselves.
Jackson, Eric S., Yaruus, J. Scott, Quesal, Robert W., Terranova, Valerie, and Whalen, D.H. (2015). Responses of adults who stutter to the anticipation of stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, doi:10.1016/j.jfludis.2015.05.002
[stuttering, anticipation, expectation, qualitative analysis, phenomenological research]