The authors reported a procedure that allowed listeners to replay a speech sample and count the syllables, stuttered syllables and durations in three passes yielded more accurate syllable and stuttered syllable counts than procedures that required these judgments to be made in one pass. Accuracy of stutter event identification was low for single pass and for three-pass judgments.
Jani, Leanne, Huckvale, Mark, and Peter Howell. (2013). Procedures used for assessment of stuttering frequency and stuttering duration. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. doi:10.3109/02699206.2013.809791
- academic achievement ADHD adolescents anxiety articulation assessment auditory processing disorder autism Autism Spectrum Disorder autism spectrum disorders behavior bilingual CBT child children cognitive behavior therapy collaboration communication comprehension conversation deaf depression developmental stuttering disabilities disability disfluency dysfluency early childhood early intervention early literacy education emotion employment evidence-based practice evidence-based practices fluency disorder hearing aids intervention iPad language language disorders language impairment literacy mindfulness parents preschool prevalence professional development reading rehabilitation reliability research response to intervention school-aged children screening social anxiety disorder special education specific language impairment speech speech-language pathology speech motor control speech production speech rate speech therapy stammering stigma stuttering stuttering severity systematic review teachers technology transition treatment vocabulary working memory