This study examined verbal and non-verbal teacher/student interpersonal interactions in higher education instrumental music lessons. The author reported implications for instrumental teaching practice, including greater focus on gender differences in interpersonal interactions and visual cues to improve communication, and teacher/student relationship in the instrumental studio.
Zhukov, Katie. (2013). Interpersonal interactions in instrumental lessons: Teacher/student verbal and non-verbal behaviours. Psychology of Music, 4, 466-483.