This is the first study to examine the range of experiences of children living with a wide range of craniofacial anomalies (CFAs), from the perspectives of children and parents. Psychological theories often applied to those with CFAs relate to attractiveness, stigma and teasing, but the present findings suggest that these are not as useful as the conceptualization of CFAs as chronic conditions which influence adaptive tasks.
Roberts, Rachel M. (2011). Children’s experience of living with a craniofacial condition: Perspectives of children and parents. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 16, 317-334.