In three experiments, women were given a mastery goal (focus on building skills) or a performance goal (perform well, avoid errors) before a mock job interview. The authors reported that although a great deal of prior work has alleviated identity threat by altering construal of one’s identity, their current research used an alternative strategy—modifying appraisals of the situation, leaving one’s self-concept intact.
Stout, Jane G. & Dasgupta, Nilanjana. (2013. Mastering One’s Destiny – Mastery Goals Promote Challenge and Success Despite Social Identity Threat. Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 748-762.