Parents and school personnel identified barriers that fit into four descriptive categories: (a) time poverty, (b) lack of access, (c) lack of financial resources, and (d) lack of awareness. Suggestions for decreasing barriers were also discussed. Findings suggest that taking family context into consideration during the planning phases of school-based programs and events improve parental involvement.
Sanchez, Bernadette & Williams, Terrineka T. (2013). Identifying and Decreasing Barriers to Parent Involvement for Inner-City Parents. Youth Society, 45, 54-74.