Absence of P300 Amplitude Laterality in Persons Who Stutter

This study investigated differences in P300 auditory-evoked potentials between Persons Who Stutter (PWS) and Persons Who Do Not Stutter (PWNS). PWS demonstrated different inter-hemispheric activity in response to the stimuli than PWNS. Whereas PWNS had significantly greater P300 amplitudes over the left than the right parietal location, PWS did not demonstrate significantly greater P300 amplitudes over either location. This lack of laterality for PWS is discussed in the light of cerebral dominance theories and speech
development.  #stuttering

Vanentine, Daniel T. (2019) Absence of P300 Amplitude Laterality in Persons Who Stutter. Journal of Communication Disorders, Deaf Studies & Hearing Aids  DOI: 10.4172/2375-4427.1000189

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Temperament in Adults Who Stutter and Its Association With Stuttering Frequency and Quality-of-Life Impacts

The study aim was to determine whether self-reported temperament traits differentiate adults who stutter (AWS) from adults who do not stutter (AWNS). Additionally, associations between temperament and stuttering frequency, and between temperament and quality of life impacts of stuttering, were investigated in AWS.

Results reveal a nontrivial tendency for AWS to experience decreased positive affect compared to AWNS. In addition, increased frustration was found to be associated with reduced general knowledge about stuttering in AWS. Neither effect has been previously reported for adults or children who stutter. Finally, self-reported temperament traits were not found to vary with stuttering frequency in adults, consistent with previous results for AWS. #stuttering

Lucey, Jaclyn, Evans, David, & Maxfield Nathan D.  (2019) Temperament in Adults Who Stutter and Its Association With Stuttering Frequency and Quality-of-Life Impacts. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research.  https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_JSLHR-S-18-0225

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Self Efficacy in Parents of Young Children who stutter

Parental self-efficacy (PSE) is defined as a parent’s perceptions of his/her ability to be
confident and competent in the domain of parenting. The purpose of the current exploratory study was to examine the PSE of mothers of children who stutter (CWS; N = 13), and compare these perceptions with parents of children with speech sound disorders (N = 21) and with no disorder (N = 90). Results indicated significant relationships between the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) Total Score and treatment participation, and the PSOC Satisfaction subscale and treatment effectiveness among mothers of CWS. Findings suggest that having a CWS does not relate to poorer perceptions of parenting abilities. Results hold implications for future research and clinical implications on PSE in mothers of children who stutter.  #stuttering

Wagnon, Madeline M. (2019) Self Efficacy in Parents of Young Children who stutter. Masters Thesis, University of Arkansas Fayetteville  https://repository.tcu.edu/bitstream/handle/116099117/25389/Wagnon_tcu_0229M_11022.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

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Theories Predicting End-User Acceptance of Telemedicine Use: Systematic Review

Only a few telemedicine applications have made their way into regular care. One reason is the lack of acceptance of telemedicine by potential end users.

An electronic search was conducted in PubMed and PsycINFO in June 2018 and supplemented by a hand search. Articles were identified using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. In total, two reviewers independently assessed the title, abstract, and full-text screening and then individually performed a quality assessment of all included studies.

The main finding of this review is the applicability of technology acceptance models and theories on telemedicine adoption. Characteristics of the technology, such as its usefulness, as well as attributes of the individual, such as his or her need for social support, inform end-user acceptance. Therefore, in the future, requirements of the target group and the group’s social environment should already be taken into account when planning telemedicine applications. The results support the importance of theory-guided user-centered design approaches to telemedicine development. #telemedicine

Harst, Lorenz, Lantzsch, Hendrikje, & Scheibe, Madlen. (2019) Theories Predicting End-User Acceptance of Telemedicine Use: Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research  doi:10.2196/13117

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Speech pathologists and professional interpreters managing culturally and linguistically diverse adults with communication disorders: a systematic review

Speech pathologists who work with culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) adults with acquired communication disorders (ACDs), in predominately English‐speaking countries, are legally and ethically bound to work with professional interpreters to overcome language barriers and provide equitable services. As levels of migration and ageing populations continue to rise globally, there will be an increasing need for speech pathologists to work with professional interpreters to manage the growing numbers of CALD adults with ACDs. Speech pathologists and professional interpreters face unique challenges when working together due to the need to focus on the intricacies of communication.

This review identified emerging research relating to speech pathologist and professional interpreter interactions, which were limited predominantly to the perspectives of speech pathologists. Several challenges were reported. While strategies to facilitate interprofessional practice were proposed, the efficacy and utility of the strategies has not been investigated to date. Further in‐depth studies are needed to examine how the professions work together, and to explore feasibility and effectiveness of implementing proposed strategies to optimize service delivery to CALD adults with ACDs.

Huang, Anne J.R., Siyambalapitiya, Samantha, & Cornwell, Petrea. (2019) Speech pathologists and professional interpreters managing culturally and linguistically diverse adults with communication disorders: a systematic review. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders  https://doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12475

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Bimanual task performance: Adults who do and do not stutter

Research has demonstrated children who stutter score significantly lower than children who do not stutter on the Purdue Pegboard Test. Past data also suggest performance on this task may be associated with stuttering frequency (Choo et al., 2016; Mohammadi et al., 2016). The purpose of this study was to explore whether these performance differences and the relationship to stuttering frequency are present in adults who stutter (AWS). Forty-eight participants (AWS = 24, and AWNS = 24) matched for age, gender, education, and handedness completed all four tasks of the Purdue Pegboard Test. There were no significant between group differences and stuttering frequency did not predict performance. These findings suggest previous differences may only be applicable to subgroups and/or that, with development, the manual tasks unique to the Purdue Pegboard Test may not be sensitive enough to reveal differences. #stuttering

Werle, Danielle, Byrd, Courtney, Gkalitsiou, Zoi, & Eggers, Kurt. (2019) Bimanual task performance: Adults who do and do not stutter. Journal of Communication Disorders  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2019.105911

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Advancing Home Based Parenting Programs through the Use of Telehealth Technology

Home-based parenting programs have demonstrated impact on the prevention of child maltreatment, promotion of child screening and health care, and increased school readiness. However, cost and time resources make access to home-based parenting programs limited. Telehealth delivery systems may help to fill this gap, reducing barriers and expanding the reach of home-based parenting programs.

Results indicate that the program was able to meet all fidelity measures related to supervision, training, and curriculum delivery. On average, families remained in the program for 5 months and received 11 personal visits, indicating that engagement via a computer mediated program is shorter but more intense than on-ground models.

Issues of recruitment and retention are described along with recommendations for using the continuum of care and social media to increase access to home based parenting programs services. #telehealth

Traube, Dorian E., Hsiao, Hsin-Yi, Rau, Angela, Hunt-O’Brien, Donna, Lu, Linxi, Lu, & Islam, Nadia. (2019) Advancing Home Based Parenting Programs through the Use of Telehealth Technology. Journal of Child and Family Studies  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10826-019-01458-w

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